• Bitten by the whale watching bug Bitten by the whale watching bug We don’t realise how lucky we are in South Africa, and in particular the Western Cape, to have the mightiest of the marine mammals visit our coastline between every year ...
  • The Whale Trail The Whale Trail The Whale Trail is not a new trail, having been around since about 2002, but it has become extremely popular. It is truly a unique experience, perhaps comparable with ...
  • 10 Pamper-Perfect Spas in South Africa 10 Pamper-Perfect Spas in South Africa Combine your trip to South Africa with a relaxing, revitalising visit to a health spa and experience Africa at it's finest. Our favourite 10 Pamper-Perfect Spas in South Africa are ...
  • Locals share their favourite getaways Locals share their favourite getaways We ask 30 local South Africans to share their favourite holiday destinations and getaways with us. From the more popular destinations like Knysna and the Kruger Park to ...
  • The Oude Skip hike The Oude Skip hike The Oude Skip walk shares portions of its hike with the larger Karbonkelberg Traverse, which is roughly seven hours of hard walk from Hout Bay harbour to Llandudno ...
  • 10 Amazing Game Lodges 10 Amazing Game Lodges South Africa is world renowned for her game reserves and wildlife. The lodges which allow us to experience these in luxury are no less awe inspiring. Our favourites are ...
  • 101 Things to Do with Kids in Cape Town 101 Things to Do with Kids in Cape Town As much as your kids will tell you they can’t wait for the school holidays, the words "I’m bored" inevitably cross their lips. Our "101 things to do with kids in Cape Town" will ...
  • "World's most beautiful Cities" "World's most beautiful Cities" Open space makes Cape Town special. Renowned English sea navigator Sir Francis Drake once referred to Cape Town as the fairest cape in the world. The city houses the ...

Find Accommodation in South Africa
Subscribe to our Feed
Posted on: Tuesday, 29 April 2014

The elusive Knysna elephants – do they exist?

Send to Kindle

It is a bit like tracking down the Yeti, or Big Foot – trying to find out about the Knysna elephants. Information about them is inadequate, tends to lapse into lengthy descriptions about their history, or is shrouded in mystery.

There are those who say they are so elusive that, if indeed they are there, they have yet to make their presence known.

Very little is conclusive about them. As a result, they have become figures of myth and legend; a mystery. Some people believe they do not exist at all…

The ancient Knysna Forest brings to mind Daleen Mathee’s Circles in a Forest. It covers some 60 500 hectares on the southern slopes of the Outeniqua Mountains.

 

The Knysna Forest

 

Filled with ancient yellowwood trees, white stinkwood, rock elders, wild peach and pink-flowered Cape chestnuts, it is also a world of moss, tree ferns, lichens and streams, where the Knysna loerie, narina trogon and the olive thrush sweep from tree to tree (although you will have difficulty spotting them) and, if you’re quiet enough, the odd duiker, porcupine, caracal, or bushbuck might reveal itself.

The forest’s inner sanctum is dense; the trees incredible. This is untouched forest land. The axes of the woodcutters who brought much of Knysna’s forest to the ground, did not make it here.

SANParks confirm that they have strong evidence of one elephant. An elderly female.

But there are those, like Gareth Patterson – an environmentalist, and author of seven books on lions, who has been tracking the Knysna elephants since 2001 – who say that far from the doomed population of one elephant, there might be as many as ten or eleven.

Certainly there is evidence of five, previously unknown, female elephants and possibly some bulls and calves. A viable population.

DNA investigation (Gareth Patterson in partnership with conservation geneticist Dr Lori Eggert has collected dung samples – a good source of DNA – and undertaken field research into diet, range and distribution of the elephants) suggests too that there is, in fact, a greater genetic diversity in this little population of wild, roaming elephants in the Knysna Forest than in the population in Addo Elephant National Park.

 

Stream in The Knysna Forest

 

He also suggests that they are closely related to the elephants at Addo. Interestingly, they are unrelated to the three elephants introduced from the Kruger National Park in 1994 in a bid to increase the elephants dwindling numbers. The two remaining elephants of the three (one of them died) were relocated to Shamwari in 1999 and the Knysna elephants declared by some as extinct.

Genoptying of DNA from the dung samples has allowed the team to ascertain numbers of individuals, their sexes and the relationship between them.

The Knysna elephants, now that we know they exist, are the only unfenced elephant population in the country.

And they are not limited to the forest. Patterson believes they range on national park, provincial, commercial and privately owned land, making use of the mountain fynbos and plantation areas near the forest.

A hundred years ago there were as many as 600 elephants in the forest. Hunters, after their tusks for ivory, had a hard time tracking them down amongst the dense trees, which means their numbers were not intially unduly affected.

Then gold was discovered in the area and a small town grew up near the forest, increasing the hunting of elephants to such a degree that by 1920 it was estimated that there were fewer than 20 left.

Miraculously the Knysna elephants, despite apparently being functionally extinct, appear to have lived free in safety within their forest despite the intervention of man.

Tracking them down has proved fruitless. They remain phantom, although one was recently caught on a camera placed in the forest for leopard research.

But the DNA research based on their dung, and clues pieced together from the inner sanctum of the Knysna forest by Gareth Patterson, has revealed that they are still very much there.

Visit Knysna

For further information:

  • The Secret Elephants , a book by Gareth Patterson
  • The Search for the Knysna Elephants, a documentary by NHU Africa

 

Walkway in The Knysna Forest

 

Wanda Coustas

About 

Wanda Coustas has written in one form or another for 10 years, seven of them as a copyblogger. She has travelled the Western Cape extensively and the rest of the country in protracted road trips that have given her both joy and an ongoing relish for experiencing what she writes about first-hand. She is a trained opera singer, poet, eurythmy dancer, philosopher, and bee whisperer.

Related Posts:

Tagged: ,